The Ovary.

Ovary

Define ovary: Ovary are 2 in numbers. The female gametes called oocyte are formed in them.

We have described :

Describe the anatomy and physiology of ovary in short.

Morphology and Structure of the ovary

Blood supply and Nerve supply of Ovary.

Development of ovary.

The Ovary.

Describe the anatomy and physiology of ovary in short :

Morphology:

  •  Each gland is oval in shape and pinkish grey in colour and the surface is starred during reproductive period.
  • It measures about 3 cm in length, 2 cm  in breadth and 1 cm in thickness
  • Each ovary has two ends-tubal and uterine, two borders-mesovarium and free posterior and two surfaces-medial and lateral.

Structure:

  1. Cortex: Cortex consists of stroma cells. It contains a number of structures which are different periods of life.
  2. Medulla: The medulla consists of blood vessels nerves with a loosely packed fibrous stroma

Blood supply of Ovary :

  1. Arterial Supply: Is from the ovarian artery, a branch of the abdominal aorta.
  2. Venous drainage: Is through pampiniform plexus, to form the ovarian veins which drain into inferior vena cava on the right side and left renal vein on the left side.

Nerve supply of Ovary :

Sympathetic supply comes down along the Ovarian, artery form T10 segment.

Development of overy:

The different parts of ovary develop from the following sources:

  • Oocyte : From primordial germ cells.
  • Primordial follicle: From cells of sex cords, which come from coelomic epithelium.
  • Interstitial cells: From mesemchymae.

Physiology of ovary :

The ovaries are paired sex gland or gonads in female which are concerned with:

  1. Germ cell maturation, storage and its release.
  2. Steroidogenesis.

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  1. April 18, 2023

    […] The Ovary. […]

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